Assessing the effectiveness of government-funded smallholder development projects in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: the case of the Raymond Mhlaba Municipality

Agricultural development projects are used by governments of countries as a strategy for community development and job creation. In the developing countries, agricultural projects are the leading edge of rural development. These development projects however require huge capital outlay from governments. There are evidences in literature which report that in developing countries huge sums of money are being lost through agricultural projects that end up failing, and South Africa’s government is no exception to this trend.

The examination of social capital in Hungarian rural communities: the case of Bátya village

The term ‘social capital’ was first used in the international literature in the beginning of the 20th century by Lyda Judson Hanifan, but it became widely known only in the 1990s and there is still no consensus on how to measure it. In the beginning of the paper a short review can be found concerning the different approaches, definitions and functions of social capital. Then an example for measuring method is presented through a Hungarian case study. In this part, some fundamental social characteristics of the population of Bátya village are examined.